ICT Essentials Suite

Computing Essentials
- Information Technology Domain -

ICT Computing Essentilas

The ICT Computing Essentials course focuses on fundamentals of computers and their functionality. Students will:

  • Define the functions and uses of computers
  • Learn about various types of computers
  • Study the basic computer system components and their roles
  • Learn about computer hardware, including storage, processing, and input and output devices
  • Study software to learn about the various types and functions of applications, including operating systems, user interfaces, and open-source vs. commercial licenses
  • Learn techniques for efficient file management, including the use of file name extensions
  • Study the basics of computer networking, including network topologies and models, protocols, connectivity, IP addressing and the OSI reference model

Course Table of Contents

Lesson 1: Introduction to Computers

Lesson Sections

  • What Is a Computer?
  • How Computers Are Used
  • Types of Computers
  • Computer Systems

Suggested activity

  • Reviewing the Computer Cycle (Hands-on)
  • The Computer Cycle (Online)
  • Listing the Ways Computers Are Used (Hands-on)
  • Comparing the Ways Computers Are Used (Hands-on)
  • Researching Computer Types (Hands-on)
  • Researching Computer Types (Online)
  • Researching Computer Types Long Version (Hands-on)
  • Finding Computer Terms (Hands-on)

Lesson 1 Quiz

Lesson 2: Computer Hardware

Lesson Sections

  • System Components
  • Input Devices
  • Output Devices
  • Data Storage Devices
  • Input/Output (I/O) Ports

Suggested Activities

  • Identifying Computer Parts (Online)
  • Identifying and Describing Computer Parts (Hands-on)
  • Shopping for Computer Parts (Hands-on)
  • Identifying and Connecting Input and Output Devices (Hands-on)
  • Classifying Input, Output and Storage Devices (Online)

Case Study

  • Understanding Computer Specifications

Lesson 2 Quiz

Lesson 3: Computer Software

Lesson Sections

  • Software Essentials
  • System Software
  • Application Software
  • File Management

Suggested Activities

  • Creating and Moving Files and Folders (Hands-on)
  • Cleaning Up Your System (Hands-on)
  • Is Your Software Up-to-Date? (Hands-on)
  • Finding Software Terms (Hands-on)
  • Matching Software Terms (Online)

Lesson 3 Quiz

Lesson 4: Computer Networking

Lesson Sections

  • What Is a Network?
  • Network Topologies
  • Network Models
  • Connecting to a Network
  • The OSI Reference Model

Suggested Activities

  • Diagramming Network Topologies (Hands-on)
  • Identifying Networking Terms Crossword (Hands-on)
  • Comparing Network Topologies (Hands-on)
  • Network Terms (Online)
  • Drawing Network Model Cartoons (Hands-on)
  • What’s Your IP Address? (Hands-on)
  • OSI Reference Model (Online)

Case Study

  • Choosing a Network Model

Lesson 4 Quiz

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